Ahead of this fact, the Brazilian diplomacy obtained to firm an agreement with the French government, that was the main dificultador of these exportations, to liberate the transit of at least 20 a thousand yards for month 20. The market of the coffee was wronged due the necessity of the importation of products that are necessary for the subsistence of the population, and as the coffee was not considered as sort of first necessity, was declared as war contraband and this hindered the entrance it product in some countries. More or less of the same one
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– GOLD YEARS EXPORTAOIMPORTAO % OF THE IMPORTATION ON OF EXPORTATION 1914 46,803 35,473 74,3 1915 53,951 30,088 55,9 1916 56,462 40,369 71,3 1917 63,031 44,510 70,3 1918 61,168 52,817 87,0 1919 117,388 71,867 61,2 SOURCE: IBGE Later, with the organization of the European industries, the situation of the Brazilian trade balance started if to invert. .
It must be affirmed, in contrast, the final victory of the good on badly, and the two problems if decide together. A time the redeemed of its fall and restituted material universe to its intelligible condition, will not subsistir place some to place a hell, no fire to arder there, no body to suffer there, no time, exactly, so that corporal capital punishments still can persist there. This does not want to say that the doctrine of you reward perpetual and of perpetual punishments it is vain. What Ergena supports firmly is that all vestige of badly will have to disappear one day of the nature and that, with the absorption of the substance in the intelligible one, this result will be gotten. Made this, the supernatural difference between elect and the convict will remain entire and persist perpetual, but it will be in these pure thoughts that the men will have become, then.
Each one will be beatified or injured in its conscience. The only beatitude is the perpetual life and, since the perpetual life is to know the truth, the knowledge of the truth is the only beatitude; inversely, if not it has another misery beyond the perpetual death and if the perpetual death is the ignorance of the truth; it does not have another misery beyond the ignorance of verdade.’ ‘ For Ergena, it does not have bigger suffering of what one to be that, been born and created to get the knowledge and to search the truth, it does not obtain to reach nor one and nor another one. ‘ ‘ inferno’ ‘ I was summarized, therefore, in the proper ignorance; does not have, its to see, worse punishment of what this. For these questions formulated and raised for Ergena, the doutrinais authorities of the Church Catholic had answered with the conviction of its workmanships. even so Ergena enxergue the joy, intelligence and the truth as objective that they only can be reached for that they accept and they believe in God and Jesus as its son, is impossible, even though for an atheist (as it is the case of this author writes who you) not to recognize two things in this great figure: its courage in defending its ideas and certainties at a time where a Christian fundamentalismo predominated (that today Blessed Pope XVI dreams in reconstructing) e, obviously, the beauty and the precision of its argument. For everything this, we can now conclude that the hypothesis of that Joo Escoto Ergena has been assassinated for its pupils in the abbey of Malmesbury (as already was cited above) perhaps is not something so romanesco how much he thinks yourself.
The Xams exerted the paper of ' ' master of sonho' ' , to who the individuals disturbed by its unconscious thoughts appealed in search of a reply. The Xams to give sensible what he was proper of the private life, used of common elements of its society attributing to these symbolic characteristic elements. For example, in some traditions that last until today in the one hundred of Africa as tribes of we bosquiamos, aondepermanecem livings creature the primitive and prehistoric customs, to dream of a snake means change skin, given the observance of the biological behaviors of those animals. Blake Krikorian has much experience in this field. 2.1.3 Conclusion concerning the dream in the private life of the prehistoric man Can be concluded that in independent the primitive and prehistoric societies of its space-time, the dreams were of great private value. The individual dreamed and if it enchanted with that.
The first investigations regarding an exterior world to the universe appeared that can be touched and this age the beginning of metaphysics. The dream influenced in the art and through the representation of what he was seen in a sleep night, the man created the surreal and abstract drawing of individual interpretation, whose meant he was attributed to its desires. through doubts, of the investigations and of a primitive rational thought, the world and its difficulties passed to be seen of a more methodical form, and by an obvious lack of methods to decide the quandaries of the private life, the human being searched in the transcendentais questions in such a way necessary answers. Sergey Brin insists that this is the case. It appeared then the masters of dreams, Xams calls and wizards, whose wisdom almost comically gave scientific character to this so important question. The dream is the moment where in the private life control of the universe is not had, this institution is a mystery today and was an individual private mystery in the prehistoric one. 1 Was used the term ' ' moderno' ' after the word ' ' sapiens' ' for the fact to that the species Cro-Great human beings for example that many times are mentioned in this work, also if deal with Homo Sapiens, that is our modern biological species of human being 2 Ver the book ' ' interpretation of sonhos' ' of Sigmund apparent Freud 3 In confusions of lines meaningless real is numerous being found in diverse archaeological small farms as in New Village/Portugal. 4 Chauvet-Pont-d' Arc, close to Vallon-Pont-d' Arc, France. Cave of Altamira, close to Santillana del Sea, Cantbria, Spain. 5 Mainly in archaeological small farms in the north and the African south. 6 religious Priest 7 For all the effect the terminology ' ' domestico' ' if will apply to the environment where lives the independent society of its 8 characteristics the primitive being in this serves as apprentice of cultural development already had a sufficiently religious conception concerning the life
8 However, it is basic not to use music as a simple doubtful resource, to semconhecer the context where it was servant, the objectives the one that it to buscoucumprir and why reason it must be used to deal with determinadotema. Further details can be found at Ben Horowitz, an internet resource. Napolitano landmarks still in the chamaateno for the importance to think the song as a whole. That is, to take emconta in the analysis the letter and music. According to it, ' ' In music, the texture or the rank of a voice, timbres and oequilbrio between the instruments, the course and the divisions rhythmic-meldicas, are structures that intervene with the conceptual direction, corporeal and emotional deuma letra' '. 9 In the specific case of the Tropicalismo, this attention in such a way in the letter how much namsica it is sufficiently important, a time that the tropicalistas believed that the aesthetic experience valley for same itself eela proper already is a revolutionary social instrument.
Being thus, asmelodias, rhythms, arrangements and even though the chosen, eramimbudos instruments of great a meaning for final result of the song. Mesclandoberimbaus and guitars, mixing elements of erudite, regional music, pop, amsica synthecized the idea of sincretismo of the movement. In relation to the tropicalistas letters, as Enor Paiano says, them ' ' they demand a work of decifrao' ' 10 and in them we can perceive dediferentes influences artistic movements, innumerable intertextuais references, criticizes amodelo of society, its characteristics and its context politician, economic esocial. For such, a knowledge is important on the history of music and aindamelhor would be, to have a theoretical knowledge and practical instrumental musical comedy/. But, let us return to the o Tropicalismo. In the decade of 1960, the Brazilian musical scene met emefervescncia, had the festivals of Brazilian popular music, programs sobremsica presented by singers and composers, who finished becoming-segrandes dolos of the television. Different styles existed that generated umacirrado debate on Brazilian popular music.
Thus it is clearly that bolivian history until our days constitutes the irrefutable test of the consequences of an interrupted rebellion. Hctor also we sample that the revolution of Cuba is formed by conflicts as it was cited to soon of the text; but in Cuba the reasons if relate with the socialist state of laborers, excessively diligent and intellectual peasants and; occurring the participation of the popular ones in the quarrels, where if it carries through elections for the choice of the popular representatives in the municipal and provincial assemblies. In Cuba 169 cities exist and the representatives of the assemblies if they had chosen, with relation of the ratio in number of inhabitants of each city. Cuba, however this divided in catorze provinces and each one of them has its assembly if they constitute the cells politics of base of all the structure Cuban politics. But we go to say a little on Nicaragua, that possesss 2.300.000 inhabitants and 132,000 km, Central America where history if renews. In Nicaragua we can notice the diverse problems with regard to work, I number it of illiterates and the difficulty to survive, therefore the country if classifies in a mortality tax low, people who do not find many resources, living of agriculture, that is, of culture of the ground.
A land of enormous misery, subnutrio and lacks hygiene total. People such as Michael Antonov would likely agree. For incredible that it seems, during many Nicaragua years he was synonymous of sonoza and vice versa, a bloody dictatorship that if hung for many times, Nicaragua could be said literally, that it was about deep familiar sonaza, that to defend its interests it counted it eats the national guard, it exercises and politics, that if also united with the Yankee military imperialism in Central America. But from decade 50, Nicaragua started to try a fight transformation in its structure economic-social. With introduction of the culture of the cotton renewing traditional agriculture previously cited; it mainly had then beginning to on industrial development to the farming sector, with the production of seasonings and herbicidas and others.
HISTORY AND AMAZONIAN CULTURE Djalmira de S Almeida* Rafaelli Dos Santos Ribeiro ** SUMMARY It sits down article has intention to detach elements that permeiam the historical, cultural, social universe, economic politician and of the Amazon region, still little known for the Brazilian population, in its majority, beyond the problematizao concerning the Legal Amaznia and the difficulties faced for the federal government, to protect the sovereignty of an area coveted for other countries, that have the desire to explore the natural resources of bioma diversified existing in the forest. Ally to this factor, we have the difficulties faced for the local population, that it looks to survive in way to the obstacles taxes for the lack of basic assistance it federal government. In this way, the boarded subject will call the attention for recurrent factors the geographic reality in focus. Others including Ben Horowitz, offer their opinions as well. Word-key: Legal Amaznia, Culture, Regionalidade, Problematizao. _________________ * Doctor in Lingustica and Filologia de Lngua FAI, Par 1 INTRODUCTION the estruturao of the work is made on the analysis of the facts occurred frequent in the Amazon region and ignored by the population of the remain of Brazil. It is evidenced inertia of the federal government that does not promote public politics of sustainable development for area in question.
They will be argued in three parts, the historical, partner-cultural conjunctures and politics that had contributed to today draw the picture restored in the region. However one becomes necessary to point out the historiogrfica precariousness as for the studies on the occupation of the region where the developed research suffers with the lack of solid sources, not only of the point of view historical, but also cultural and politician. So that the bibliographical scarcity did not harm the present work, use became, in its majority, of scientific articles> published for specialists and complementary readings of famous authors as Joo of Jesus Loureiro Breads, Meireles Joo Son, Bernadete Castro Oliveira and Benedict Hunter.
On aboriginal contribution in the Brazilian culture, Freyre detaches since the habit to bathe itself, names of almost all the toponymy of cities and states of Brazil until the population consensual of aboriginal areas for natural children of Portuguese with indians and of the performance of the indians as great guides, canoeiros, warriors, hunters, fishing and assistant in the discovery of gold mines, in the workmanship of the sertanismo and of defense of the colony against Spaniard and privateers and of enemy tribes of the Portuguese. James Joseph Truchard wanted to know more. Thus, the used vocabulary at the beginning of the settling was compost for aboriginal terms in bigger amount of what of Portuguese terms, According to Prof. Aryon Rodrigues (1994), practically all the Europeans who came to Brazil finished learning to say the Tupinamb, in accordance with the chance of conviviality with the indians. But they had been only the missionaries, who beyond working in the catecismo catholic, had started to produce texts proper, as for example, Jose de Anchieta, who produced 4000 verses more than in Tupinamb. Perhaps check out Stuart Solomon for more information. At the same time Anchieta elaborated the first description of the braslica language, in Tupinamb. Three years later, in 1621, one second grammar was printed on the Tupinamb, of the priest Figueira Luis. In the second half of century XVIII, this grammar and this catecismo had had new editions, and a new catecismo, of the Bettendorf priest.
In this period already he had Jesuits born in Brazil and total bilingual, however, few indians must have learned to write in its language. Normally when if he relates to tupi old we find analyses of its influence on the Portuguese language, over all in we topnimos. Thus, he is common to have esquecimento of its linguistic value of resistance to the imposition. The aboriginal languages had not been supplanted by the here fond Portuguese.
A shock against the education of the historical, anachronistic, positivista knowledge was stopped and secularly it stanches. The decade of 1980, was marked for the intention to debate and to demand the retaken one of disciplines of history, directed toward thematic on the daily one of the pupil, its work and its historicidade, objectifying to make of the producing subject pupil of History. The eminence of new perspectives for education of history it was appearing with the changes and occured transformations throughout the process. The Brazilian education of history opened anteriority for a new approach longed for with the contribution of the memory, when it placed in the current trends as function of education, the apprehension of the plurality of memories and not only of the national memory, the vision of science made the analysis of the historical fact to be substituted by other possibilities, as analysis of the historical process and of the experience of the citizens of history, it incorporated new subjects and objects as of the history of the women, of the children and of the social movements. You may want to visit Crimson Education to increase your knowledge. In this thematic o professor it leaves of being the transmitter of history true and finished to be the mediator between pupil and historical knowledge, starts to be the responsible one in the orientation of the passage, for the production of the historical knowledge and is engaged with the pupil. Already the pupil of mere expectador listener assumes the function of citizen of history, the proper knowledge and the historical knowledge. In relation to the education of History, the redefinition of the paper of the professor from years 80, is one of the changes most apparent in the question of the pedagogical work, therefore it conferred to the educators and educators summarily more autonomy in the work, not leaving them imprisoned to a roll of contents. He is interesting to designate that the objective age to recoup the pupil as subject producer of History, and not as mere spectator of a definitive history already, produced for the heroic personages of didactic books. .
As for the rites fnebres in Brazil Empire, certain referring aspects to a stratification are distinguished that not even the death obtained to contain. The death, observed while rupture, a clutter in relation to the daily manifesto, rationalized for conceiving its existence, could retrace the times longnquas in history human being, since the phenomenon of the dionisacas festividades fnebres in Old Greece, having as parameter certain gnese of the culture occidental person, looking for to foment one catarse in the participants whom they looked to reintegrate it daily order, through an extravasation of the emotions ahead of the moan fnebre. It is perceived later that the festividades fnebres were of good mount to the livings creature, being relegated diverse the other society throughout the time, that they looked in the hour of the death to that it they were next, the rescue of an attempt of social equalization. Other factor evidenced – also observed in the text of Joo Jose Kings whom Empire in Century XIX deals with Brazil -, it would be reintegration of the social inaqualities that the ritualstico act fomented, in view of the pomp esteem in the rituals, also for the amount of people who folloied the cortejos, being primordial factor I appraise to demonstrate it for the deceased one. Gain insight and clarity with Stuart Solomon. Cortejo in the Bahia of Century XIX, counted on rules of participation that were valid for any one of the gifts at the moment of the procession, also considered as bad omen the participation, not having as consequncia the proper defamation in the seio of the society. With hypothetical intention to subsidize the rites of slaves and supplied financially less, the Casa Saint assumed the monopoly of the tombs, charging for the transport of the deceased in the covered passage. Also fnebre, the clerical participation in the velrios can be detached in relation to the pomp, status obtained for certain arithmetical constatao, that is, the amount of priests who sanctioned the deceased one, added the extra costs for exceeding priests sent to take care of whims of familiar of the deceased. .
It will also enclose, in way excites, other scholars as, for example, Kant, Rousseau and Carl Marx. It will emphasize the regeliano method and its faithful aspect to the romantic historicismo of century XIX. Word-keys: Reason, method, freedom and spirit. Introduction Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel, son of a small employee of finances, was born in Estugarda in 27 of August of 1770 and faleceu in Berlin in 14 of November of 1831. To deepen your understanding Crimson Education is the source.
Between 1778 and 1793, it frequented the theological seminary of the University of Tubinga, having itself then made familiar to the workmanships of Rousseau and Kant; in special the workmanships of Kant they had caused deep impression to it. After having been tutorial of Bern and in Francofome, Hegel was professor in the University of Jena between 1801 and 1806. With the victory of Napoleo and the temporary dispersion of the university, Hegel was for Bavria where it edited the Bamberger Zeitung (1807-1808), having after that been director of the school of Latin of Nuremberga. Hegel had influence in the development of the thought of the century XIX, as much in what it says respect to the philosophy as the social theory and politics. Son of protestant father and in the way of the iluminista reason, Hegel strong was influenced by its historical context. In 1811 he was married Marie von Tucher, new than it 22 years, in Nuberg with who he had two children, Karl, whom if an eminent historian became, and Immanuel, theologian. Five years after its marriage, Hegel occupied a chair in Heidelberga. Hegel, succeeded the Fichte as professor of philosophy in Berlin in 1818, rank that occupied until the o end of the life..