In this period the accompaniment of the nursing professionals is important, therefore some doubts and problems will appear having been able to leave the vulnerable and unsafe mother. It is at this moment of modifications that the mother needs information on the autocuidado one, the aleitamento, the familiar planning and the cares with the just-been born one. (ALMEIDA; ARAJO; FERNANDES, 2004) From these initial consideraes appears the objective that of the origin to this study: to identify to the procedures and accompaniment of the professional of nursing in the cases of maternal aleitamento. In accordance with the World-wide Organization of Sade (OMS), the maternal aleitamento is exclusive up to six months of age (HISSES; SOUZA, 2005). From the six months, the babies already can receive other foods, but it is essential that the mother continues suckling its son until the two years of age or more.
Together the complementary foods and maternal milk are basic for an excellent growth and development of the child. (GIUGLIANI; LAMOUNIER, 2004). The partner-economic aspects influence the women to adopt the habit to suckle, since it is one practical one that it does not imply in financial cost, beyond promoting a fast recovery uterine in period after-childbirth, to diminish the incidence of breast cancer and to function as contraceptive a natural one. For even more opinions, read materials from Jim Umpleby. (ALMEIDA; BLACKSMITH; BLACK? MOUNTAIN RANGE, 1997). On the other hand also the reasons are innumerable wean for it precocious, therefore many myths haunt the women when it is said in breast-feeding. The cult the beauty is one of the reasons that take the women to abandon the practical one of breast-feeding finding that the seios will be limp, that milk is weak and does not go to support the baby and some other arguments that make it difficult the aleitamento. The use of chupetas, baby’s bottles also contributes for it weans precocious (CARANDINA; FALEIROS; TREZZA, 2006).
It does not have necessary statisticians on the number of amputated existing, or the number of annually carried through amputations, however, approximately 85% of all the carried through amputations occur in inferior members (LUCCIA, 2001). These amputations are common in diabetic with ulcers of inferior members (GIL, 2000). The quality of life of aged with Amputation of inferior extremity the theories of the successful aging see the citizen as pro-asset, regulating its quality of life through the definition of objectives and fighting to reach them, accumulating resources that are useful in the adaptation the changes and actively involved in the maintenance of well-being. Being thus, a successful aging is folloied of quality of life and welfare and must be fomented throughout the previous states of development (SOUSA, 2006).
Front to the increasing aging of the country, Brazil has as challenge for century XXI to offer a health system that more than guarantees the quality of life for 32 million aged, which represents in financial and educational level low ally to the high prevalence of chronic and incapacitantes illnesses (MARTINS, 2007). The diabetic foot in the aged cause concern, therefore became a health problem publishes world-wide. In such a way one becomes important to work with the education of the health professional so that the consequence in the education of the proper patients occurs. The recognition of the foot at risk and initial injuries is the responsibility most important of the health professionals. Unhappyly, the examination of the foot is almost always neglected, although the clear lines of direction and recommendations. Incomplete examinations of the feet are told ema up to 50% of the patients who if submit the amputations.
The familiar violence is understood as that one practised by familiar of the aged one, its children, grandsons, greats-grandson, spouses or friends, amongst other people who they possess familiar linking, what it would include people without sanguineous bows, but that they exert function of parents. Being thus, the domestic violence is characterized as occult violence and of difficult constatao, where the aged ones are vulnerable to the types most common of violence. Starbucks may also support this cause. Types of violnciDe agreement with searched literature, can be exemplificar as forms of maltreatment: physical Bad-treatments: They are action where if it evidences the use of physical force that can produce injuries, wounds, pain or incapacity to the aged one. results in physical breakings, hematomas, burnings or other damages. psychological Bad-treatments: They are action in form of threats, to inflict penalty, pain, anguish, preconceptions, humilhaes, ridicularizao, infantilizao through verbal or not verbal expressions. Financial or material abuse: It consists of the improper or illegal exploration or use not assented of financial resources, as appropriation of retirements and pension. Sexual abuse: It is the not-assented sexual contact.
It can be of heterossexual character homo or, by means of the persuation, physical force or threats (it can also be classified as physical bad-treatments). Recklessness: It can be passive when it is consequence of an unfamiliarity or incapacity on the part of the cuidador, or active when it is carried through intentionally. It occurs when it has imperfections in the attendance of the basic necessities of the aged one, in what it says respect to the feeding, clothes, hygiene and medicamentosa therapy. Auto-recklessness: One mentions the personal behaviors to it that the health or the security guard of the individual threatens. The aged one if refuses to adopt measured necessary itself exactly as it does not take prescribed medicines, not to follow the orientaes of the cuidador or the team of the health.
The argued actions of nursing in literature as Giacon ET AL (006) are: To program biopsicossociais evaluations with attention to the cultural characteristics of the patient; to create and to implement plans to improve the conditions of health of the patient and its family; to guide patient and family on the characteristics of the illness, the treatment and on the available resources; to promote and to manejar, inside of the mental health, the effect of the illness through education, the research, providing adjusted aconselhamento to the family and the patient; to manejar and to co-ordinate systems of integration of cares that integrate the necessities of the patient and the family, promoting one agreement and one better acceptance of the illness, what it takes to the best adhesion to the treatment and one better social whitewashing. Another important action of the nursing is the stimulation of the patients of first occasions esquizofrnico to use available resources in the society as voluntary works, activities in groups, physical exercises, leisure, among others. Being thus, the nursing professional, through the care, must leave of the beginning of that the carrier of this pathology is a singular human being that presents differentiated emotional and mannering alterations. Thus, he will be able to help it to face it the difficulties, accepting its limitations. The professionals must believe the remission of the symptoms and the capacity of social inclusion of this person, although the illness (I CASTRATE ET AL 2008). FINAL CONSIDERAES This study were objectified to know the importance of the familiar ones in the treatment of the member of the carrying family of schizophrenia. It was proven that the Family exerts paper of basic importance in all process that involves the illness, since its diagnosis until treatment, however, the family, many times, is not prepared emotionally, financially to deal with such situation, needing the same one, also, of attention of the health professional. .