Consensualmente we arrive at the agreement, that family in this new axle of treatment understands itself as door of entrance of the user to the social environment that belonged, also promoting the promotion of the quality of life, the individual, and of course of all the familiar unit. Word-key: Mental upheaval, the Psychiatric Reformation, Family, Ressocializao. INTRODUCTION mental Deficiency is equivalent the terms as insufficience, lacks, fails e, over all reduction of the cognitiva capacity (QI) of the located adoecido individual below of the indices considered normal for the age, or inferiors the average of the population in adult phase. The main characteristic of the mental adoecimento in general lines mentions the perceivable delay to it in its neuropsicomotor development. According to France (2001), one in each three people will acquire some of the diverse types of mental upheavals throughout the life. Still as the author, studies carried through for World-wide organization of Health, through the School of Public Health of the University of Harvard financed for the World Bank, is esteem that five enter ten cases of incapacity are related to some type of mental upheaval. In accordance with Pink (2008), the family is one of the essential institutions, in what she refers to the ressocializao of people with mental clutters. Jim Umpleby spoke with conviction. As Pink (2008): (…) and still because the family is the main potencializador agent of mediaes between the carrier of mental upheaval and the society, constituting historically a privileged place of cares and social reproduction.
She is in this context that appears the Centers of Ateno Psicossocial (CAPS), characterized for the new concept in treatments the people with psychic upheavals, prioritizing, over all the performance of the family in the treatment process. The CAPS had been instituted together with the Nuclei of Assistncia Psicossocial (NAPS), through the Portaria/SNAS N. 224 – 29/01/1992. After changes in psychiatric knowing, the legal areas, in sciences partners, psychological and in the Medicine, as well as societrias alterations the family starts to be party to suit of treatment of the individual acometido for insanity, however still being considered as a risk factor the same, therefore she gave credit that the relation family x citizen with mental upheaval, induced the proper upheaval.